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Deep Homography Estimation for Micro-Topographic Measurement Data

Autor: Stefan Siemens

ISBN: 978-3-95900-914-0

Dissertation, Leibniz Universität Hannover, 2024

Herausgeber der Reihe: Eduard Reithmeier

Band-Nr.: IMR 01/2024

Umfang: 210 Seiten, 71 Abbildungen

Schlagworte: surface metrology, image registration, convolutional neural networks, confocal laser scanning microscopy

Kurzfassung: Surface characteristics can significantly impact the functionality of a component. Accurately measuring and describing these characteristics therefore plays an important role in precision engineering and manufacturing fields, such as aerospace, automotive, biomedical, and semiconductor manufacturing. Optical measurement systems face a trade-off between high lateral resolution, necessary for resolving small features, and the need for a large measuring field for comprehensive results. A common solution is stitching multiple high-resolution images to effectively create a large measuring field. However, conventional registration algorithms often require extensive overlaps between individual images, lack robustness against large image variations, are susceptible to noise, and necessitate manual parameter adjustments. This work presents a comprehensive investigation and development of image registration techniques in optical metrology, aiming to improve the registration of micro-topographic image data compared to conventional methods. A key contribution is the development and validation of a novel registration approach based on convolutional neural networks, specifically a two-stage architecture named Coarse-to-Fine Image Registration (CoFiR) Net. This method enables significant improvements over conventional registration techniques in terms of accuracy, robustness against large image variations and image noise, as well as computational speed. The development and validation of the CoFiR Net are conducted using an extensive dataset of micro-topographic measurements. This dataset comprises over 70 000 measurements with two confocal laser scanning microscopes at various magnifications, on samples involving a wide range of materials, machining methods, manufacturing processes, and different surface roughnesses. This dataset offers a valuable resource for future work in areas such as defect detection, surface classification, image super-resolution, or monocular depthestimation. Additional contributions of this work include the novel use of convolutional neural networks for the registration of non-overlapping images. 

In conclusion, this work makes a significant contribution to surface metrology and image processing. The improvements – increased accuracy, robustness against large image variations and noise, reduced computation time, and the elimination of manual parameter adjustment – extend the application areas and utility of image registration.

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